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How To Make A UTV Or ATV Street Legal (With All 50 States Laws)

by Matt Powell | Last Updated:  March 24, 2020

UTV s and ATVs are growing every year in popularity and many drivers would love to be able to drive theirs on state maintained highways. How cool would it be to just ride out to the trail from your house without having to load up or just ride down the road for a joyride. UTV s and ATVs from the factory are not legal to drive on state maintained highways or roads but with a few modifications, MOST states will allow you to enjoy the road from a legal standpoint.

UTV s and ATVs DO HOWEVER come with most of the necessary features to allow you to be street legal and they are all pretty easy to install so that your vehicle complies with local laws. 

ATTENTION: Every state has different laws and this serves as a guide to making your UTV or ATV street legal. You should ALWAYS contact your local DMV to make sure you have EVERYTHING you need!

So you want to know how to make a UTV or ATV street legal? Making a UTV or ATV street legal usually takes a few modifications like installing a license plate, mirrors, turn signals , horn, and having insurance. Each state has different laws so check with your local DMV. If you are looking for a complete street legal kit that checks all the boxes you need, then check out these kits from Amazon.

Prices pulled from the Amazon Product Advertising API on:

General Requirements To Become Street Legal

In the states that allow a UTV or ATV to become street legal there isn’t generally a lot that a UTV or ATV doesn’t offer in order to make this possible but you will need to make some additions to your vehicle to comply with most laws and they include:

If your UTV or ATV has some of these features then that is one less thing you will have to buy.

Street Legal Kits For UTV s and ATVs

Many companies sell street legal kits that come with all the different things you need in one place so you don’t have to go searching everywhere for individual items. These kits are great because they come with the majority of what you need like turn signals, license plates, switches, and mirrors. 

Other Requirements

If you live in one of the states that allows UTV s and ATVs to be street legal and your UTV or ATV is properly equipped, there are a few things you will need to take care of after your add on features. I can’t stress enough that this is dependent on your local laws.

What Are The UTV or ATV Laws in Each State?

I have scoured every state law I could find to provide you with a detailed list of whether or not you can make a UTV or ATV street legal and what it takes to get you on the road. I have the websites for each state listed so please consult your state to save you a bunch of time and effort. 

UTV And ATV Laws In Alabama

UTV s and ATVs are defined as off road vehicles and off road vehicles are not intended for use on public highways so they can not be registered in Alabama and can’t be street legal if not registered.

Source: Revenue.Alabama.gov 

UTV And ATV Laws In Alaska

A UTV or ATV is an off highway vehicle by Alaska standards and is not held to the same laws as on road vehicles. They are ONLY  allowed on the highway when:

Source: dot.state.ak.us 

UTV And ATV Laws In Arizona

The state of Arizona requires an off highway vehicle decal to be purchased each year and is provided at the motor vehicle department, authorized 3rd party dealer, and online for added simplicity. To make your UTV or ATV legal to drive on highways, it has to be registered as if it were a regular vehicle. This includes

Source: land.az.gov 

UTV And ATV Laws In Arkansas

Arkansas off road vehicle law was amended in 2017 and states that an all terrain vehicle shall not be operated on a public street or highway of this state without meeting the equipment requirements to operate on public streets and highways. A street-legal all-terrain vehicle operated on a public street or highway of this state shall be equipped with:

Source: arkleg.state.ar.us 

UTV And ATV Laws In California

You can’t operate a UTV or ATV on the highway or any public roads and must have and off road vehicle identification sticker to be considered legal for off road. Riders must also have a safety helmet and cannot carry a passenger on public lands unless the vehicle is designed for more than one passenger.

Source: ohv.parks.ca.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Colorado

Colorado does not allow or recognize UTV s and ATVs as street legal. They are designated for most off road trails if they are designated as so. You must also register your UTV or ATV with the DMV and provide suitable proof of ownership. This includes:

Source: cpw.state.co.us

UTV And ATV Laws In Connecticut

UTV s and ATVs may not operate on any public highway unless it is:

Source cga.ct.gov  

UTV And ATV Laws In Delaware 

Delaware does not allow UTV s and ATVs to be street legal. They will not be operated upon a public highway, street, sidewalk, or right of way located within the state except under the following conditions:

Source: delcode.delaware.gov 

UTV And ATV Laws In Florida

UTV s and ATVs can’t be operated on public roads, streets, or highways, unless permitted by the state or federal agency. Law enforcement officers can drive UTV s and ATVs on public roads as long as it is in the scope of their duty.

Source:  leg.state.fl.us 

UTV And ATV Laws In Georgia 

While I can’t find any law that specifically states that you can’t operate a UTV or ATV on public highways, the general consensus is no. The law only states you must:

Source: dps.georgia.gov 

UTV And ATV Laws In Hawaii

Hawaii only allows UTV s and ATVs used as farm equipment or in the course of official city, county, or state business to be driven on a street if certain conditions are met. The law also states that UTV s and ATVs used as farm equipment or in the course of official city, county, or state business shall not be regulated as motor vehicles.

UTV And ATV Laws In Idaho

UTV s and ATVs are now allowed on all state or federal roads, excluding state and federal highways and interstates as long as the UTV or ATV has a restricted use plate and current year OHV sticker. Designated OHV riding areas, areas open to cross-country motorized travel and designated motorized trail systems on public land will require both the restricted use plate and the OHV sticker.

When traveling on roads, operators of an UTV or ATV must have a valid driver’s license, carry liability insurance and have a vehicle equipped with the required equipment to do so.

Source: idfg.idaho.gov  

UTV And ATV Laws In Illinois

You must title your UTV or ATV for operation off road and UTV s and ATVs are not permitted on public streets, roads, or highways unless you are crossing and you must:

Source: www.dnr.illinois.gov 

UTV And ATV Laws In Indiana 

UTV s and ATVs must be titled and registered with the Bureau of Motor Vehicles for off road use. 

Indiana has laws per county where off road vehicles are permissible on public roads. Check out this map from www.in.gov.

Source: www.in.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Iowa

Iowa is also a county by county basis state but for those counties that do not allow you to drive a UTV or ATV on the street you must:

Source:  offroad-ed.com

UTV And ATV Laws In Kansas 

Kansas does not permit UTV s and ATVs on public roads and highways  or inside city limits but they still must be registered and have to have lights on it if you want to ride during dark hours.

Source:  cpsc.gov 

UTV And ATV Laws In Kentucky 

A UTV or ATV cannot be operated on any public highway, roadway or the right-of-way of any public highway or roadway. The only exceptions are to:

Source:  bullitt.kysheriff.org

UTV And ATV Laws In Louisiana 

An off-road vehicle is any vehicle manufactured for off-road use. The vehicle is issued a manufacturer’s statement of origin but cannot be issued a license plate to operate on the public roads of this state.

Source:  dps.louisiana.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In  Maine

You cannot operate a UTV or ATV on public roads, streets, or highways. A properly registered ATV may be operated on a public way only the distance necessary, but in no case to exceed 500 yards, on the extreme right of the traveled way for the purpose of crossing, as directly as possible, a public way, bridge, overpass, underpass, sidewalk or culvert as long as that operation can be made safely and does not interfere with traffic approaching from either direction on the public way. 

Source: maine.gov

UTV And ATV Laws InMaryland 

UTV s and ATVs are not permitted to be operated on public roads except for agricultural purposes and are not required to be registered if it is on your own property. Crossing public roads and highways applies the same as other states.

Source:  cpsc.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Massachusetts 

UTV s and ATVs must be registered and can’t be operated on public roads, streets, and highways except for crossing the road.

18 year olds and younger must have completed a MEP approved OHV Safety & Responsibility course.

Source: mass.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Michigan 

You have to have a decal to use your UTV or ATV on public lands and they are not permitted on public roads, streets, and highways. Crossing these is the same as previous states.

Only certain UTV s and ATVs like the John Deere Gator and Polaris Ranger can be street legal but needs to be retrofitted and retitled. It will be retitled as an “assembled vehicle” and issued a new vehicle identification number.

Source:  michigan.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Minnesota 

UTV s and ATVs may be operated on the shoulder of public roads if permitted by law enforcement and are not permitted to be used on public roads and highways.

Source:  dnr.state.mn.us

UTV And ATV Laws In Mississippi 

No ATV/ORV allowed on any public road open to licensed motorized vehicles or on power line/pipeline rights-of-ways. No stipulations are given about crossing highways or roads.

Source:  cpsc.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Missouri 

UTV s and ATVs cannot be used on the highway and require a title and registration. They can be used on public roads for agricultural and official government use only. They may be operated by handicapped persons on second-ary roads occasionally.

Source:  mshp.dps.missouri.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Montana

Montana requires registration and UTV s and ATVs can be used on some public roads. You can’t use them on the interstate or federal highways. Montana is mostly county by county basis.

Source:  stateparks.mt.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Nebraska 

UTV s and ATVs can be driven for agricultural use only on the shoulders of roads that are outside of an incorporated area and are not controlled access highways.

When driving on a road you can’t exceed 30 mph and must have a valid driver’s license, and need a headlight, taillight, and a safety flag that is 5 feet or more above the ground and triangular in shape.

Source:  nebraskalegislature.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In Nevada 

If a vehicle was manufactured and designated for “off-road” or “non-road” use only, it may not be driven on Nevada public streets or highways even if it has safety equipment. Only two-wheeled motorcycles may be converted to on-road use. 

Source:  ohv.nv.gov

UTV And ATV Laws In New Hampshire 

Operation is prohibited on public roads unless specifically permitted and posted for OHRV or snowmobile use. Examples of permitted uses are road crossings and trail connectors. In such areas the speed limit is 10 MPH, unless otherwise posted. OHRVs and snowmobiles must stay to the extreme right side of the public way; they cannot operate from trail head to trail head.

Source:  wildlife.state.nh.us

UTV And ATV Laws In New Jersey 

You do not need a permit or license to operate an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) in New Jersey. However, the vehicle must be registered and you must observe the following regulations:

Source:  state.nj.us

New Mexico 

New Mexico residents must purchase OHV registration decals from the Motor Vehicle Division (MVD). The new Paved Road decals allowing operation of UTV s and ATVs and ROVs on authorized roads.

It is illegal to operate an ATV or ROV on a paved road unless a local authority or the state transportation commission has passed an ordinance allowing such use on specific roads in specific communities. It is the responsibility of any OHV operator to know the state and local laws and rules before riding.

Source:  state.nm.us

New York 

You may not operate an ATV/ROV on a highway unless it has been designated and posted for ATV/ORV use by the state or local authority. Only the part of a highway between two off-highway trails will be posted for use. Check with local police to be sure. DMV recommends that you turn your headlight and taillight on and wear bright, reflective clothing whenever you ride on a highway. Always enter the highway with care, and yield to other traffic.

The NY DMV recommends you avoid crossing a highway unless absolutely necessary. If you cross, you must follow these rules:

Source:  dmv.ny.gov

North Carolina

In North Carolina, you may not operate an ATV or UTV or ATV on any interstate or highway. You may also not ride on any public street, road, or highway except for purposes of crossing that street, road, or highway. When crossing the road riders should:

Source:  ncdps.gov

North Dakota 

In order to legally ride in North Dakota, all riders must be properly registered or permitted. ATVs and UTV s and ATVs can operate on:

An individual can operate an OHV on a roadway (paved or loose surface) only if it is equipped with the following equipment:

Source:  parkrec.nd.gov

Ohio 

Snowmobiles, off-highway motorcycles, and all-purpose vehicles must be registered and be licensed and may be operated as follows:

Source: codes.ohio.gov 

Oklahoma

Oklahoma requires a title and registrations and may only be used to make a direct crossing of the roadway in the following manner:

Source:  ok.gov

Oregon 

Oregon requires UTV or ATV owners to get a permit to ride on any public land.

Source:  oregon.gov

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania requires UTV or ATV owners to get a title and registration to operate and may not be driven on public highways or roads unless they are crossing and must:

Source:  legis.state.pa.us

Rhode Island 

In Rhode Island an ATV must be registered with the Director of Natural Resources for an annual fee of $10. Registration requirement violations are punishable by $100 fine. They may not be driven on public highways or roads unless they are crossing and must:

Source:  cga.ct.gov

South Carolina 

In South Carolina UTV s and ATVs must have all of the following equipment in good working condition:

It is not permissible to ride on highways. 

Source:  scstatehouse.gov

South Dakota 

In South Dakota, no person may operate on a public street or highway an off-road vehicle except for crossing from one side of the road to the other  and may not ride in a highway ditch along the highway interstate system.

Source:  cpsc.gov

Tennessee 

UTV s and ATVs can not be operated on highways unless crossing from one side to another. There is no specification as to how you need to cross.

Source:  cpsc.gov

Texas 

UTV s and ATVs can’t be driven on public roads unless you are a farmer or rancher and not traveling more than 25 miles. If you drive on public roads, you have to have an orange triangle mounted to an 8-inch pole. UTV s and ATVs must have brakes, a muffler, and a headlight and taillight.

Source:  txdmv.gov

Utah

In Utah and all-terrain type I vehicle being operated as a street-legal ATV as long as it is titled, registered, the operator has a valid driver’s license and has to be equipped with: 

Source:  stateparks.utah.gov

Vermont 

In vermont, UTV s and ATVs are not allowed on roads or highways except for crossing under the following terms. They Must:

Source:  legislature.vermont.gov

Virginia 

UTV s and ATVs have to have a title and cannot be operated on the highway in Virginia except to cross public highways. There is no specification as to how you need to cross.

Source:  dmv.virginia.gov

Washington 

A person operating a UTV or ATV may cross a public roadway with a speed limit of sixty miles per hour or less. No specifications are given on how to cross.

Source:  app.leg.wa.gov

West Virginia 

UTV s and ATVs may not be operated in West Virginia on public roads or highways unless used to cross. They must:

Source:  wvlegislature.gov

Wisconsin 

In Wisconsin you can only operate a UTV or ATV on a public roadway if it is:

Source:  dnr.wi.gov

Wyoming

To become street legal, you must obtain a multipurpose vehicle permit that is displayed on your UTV or ATV. With a multipurpose vehicle permit, you are able to operate your UTV or ATV on any public roads in Wyoming that are not interstates. To obtain a multipurpose vehicle permit your UTV or ATV must have a current license plate, you must have a valid driver’s license with an M or MR endorsement, and you must have proof of liability insurance, and your UTV or ATV must be equipped with the following:

Source:  dot.state.wy.us

My name is Matt and I am the founder of DirtWheelRider.com. I want to do my best to give you all the information needed in your offroading endeavors.